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Analysis of the American Gun Crimes

Moore, Charlene (2019) Analysis of the American Gun Crimes. Undergraduate thesis, Dublin, National College of Ireland.

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Abstract

It is said that Gun Control saves lives (Lopez, 2017). It has also been said that it makes no significant difference to death rates. Which theory is right? This document is a detailed analysis on gun violence in the United States of America. The purpose of this report is to analyse a topic of choice for a final year dissertation, at the National College of Ireland. The motivation behind this document is to gain insights into America’s gun violence, and surrounding factors that potentially have impact.

Objectives. To analyse America’s gun violence, determining links, trends and patterns within past data on gun violence sourced from Kaggle (Kaggle, 2019), where it was downloaded originally from Gun Violence Archive (GVA) (Gun Violence Archive, 2019). The main objective is to try understanding America’s gun laws and gain insights their gun violence rates, determine where gun violence is highest, what time of the year has the highest gun violence rate and what firearms are used most to conduct the crimes. Gun violence could be related to many factors such as drugs, gangs, suicides, mass shootings etc., This document proposes a model that allows law enforcement map out the areas where crime rates are high, along with the types of firearms used in the past in these areas to contribute towards the battle of lowering these rates. With this tool, law enforcements in the areas can be proactive rather than reactive.

Methods. Using GVA’s data along with data obtained from the US Census, the selection and exploration method was used to determine links, trends and patterns. In conjunction, a literature review was carried out to examine existing knowledge on gun violence, along with what has been done and how this document can be an addition to the existing body of knowledge.

Results. An examination in trends in the states gun violence rates and the different types of crime committed, revealed that there are trends between alcohol consumption, happiness rankings of a state and the gun laws of a state and their gun violence rates.

Conclusions. There is certainly a link between gun violence laws and their gun violence rates. This requires evaluating to improve rates of gun violence. Identification of the violence categories such as gang, drugs and suicide along with time series forecasting would be a very useful tool to law enforcements. In conjunction with gun sales records and the gun types common in the areas that can be determined based on past trend, law enforcement can be proactive rather than reactive in reducing gun violence rates.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > Criminology > Crimes and Offences
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Electronic computers. Computer science

Q Science > QA Mathematics > Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Computer software
Divisions: School of Computing > Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Technology Management
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2019 11:53
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 11:53
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/3873

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