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Variations Of Auditory Distractions: The Effect Of Familiarity With Background Music On Cognitive Performance On The Concept Shifting Task

Komlao, Norawat (2018) Variations Of Auditory Distractions: The Effect Of Familiarity With Background Music On Cognitive Performance On The Concept Shifting Task. Undergraduate thesis, Dublin, National College of Ireland.

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Abstract

Previous research has indicated the negative effect that background music can have on cognitive task performance. Building on the literature on novelty distractions of auditory stimuli, the purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of familiarity with background music on task perfor-mance on the Concept Shifting Test (CST). Participants were recruited using convenience method of sampling (N = 40; 45% male and 55% female). Response time (RT) and the number of errors performed on the CST were recorded for all participants, across three particular conditions; no mu-sic, familiar music, and unfamiliar music. The central question was to determine whether the pres-ence of familiar background music will result in reduced performance on the CST as opposed to that of the unfamiliar background music. A one-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that there was a statistically significant increased in RT from the unfamiliar condition to the familiar condi-tion, indicating that familiar background music was more distracting than unfamiliar background music. Additionally, a one-way multivariate analysis of variance was conducted to compare three conditions on the CST between males and females, results indicate females outperforming males in all conditions. Limitations and implication for future research are further discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Cognitive psychology
Divisions: School of Business > BA (Honours) in Psychology
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2018 11:40
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/3289

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