TRAP@NCI

Clinical Decision Support System for Point of Care Use

Farion, Ken, Michalowski, Wojtek, Wilk, Syzmon, O'Sullivan, Dympna, Rubin, Steven and Weiss, David (2009) Clinical Decision Support System for Point of Care Use. Methods of Information in Medicine, 48 (4). pp. 381-390. ISSN 0026-1270

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Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this research was to design a clinical decision support system (CDSS) that supports heterogeneous clinical decision problems and runs on multiple computing platforms. Meeting this objective required a novel design to create an extendable and easy to maintain clinical CDSS for point of care support. The proposed solution was evaluated in a proof of concept implementation.

Methods: Based on our earlier research with the design of a mobile CDSS for emergency triage we used ontology-driven design to represent essential components of a CDSS. Models of clinical decision problems were derived from the ontology and they were processed into executable applications during runtime. This allowed scaling applications’ functionality to the capabilities of computing platforms. A prototype of the system was implemented using the extended client-server architecture and Web services to distribute the functions of the system and to make it operational in limited connectivity conditions.

Results: The proposed design provided a common framework that facilitated development of diversified clinical applications running seamlessly on a variety of computing platforms. It was prototyped for two clinical decision problems and settings (triage of acute pain in the emergency department and postoperative management of radical pros-tatectomy on the hospital ward) and implemented on two computing platforms – desktop and handheld computers.

Conclusions: The requirement of the CDSS heterogeneity was satisfied with ontology-driven design. Processing of application models described with the help of ontological models allowed having a complex system running on multiple computing platforms with different capabilities. Finally, separation of models and runtime components contributed to improved extensibility and maintainability of the system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Electronic computers. Computer science

Q Science > QA Mathematics > Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Computer software

R Medicine > Healthcare Industry
Divisions: School of Computing > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2018 10:37
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2018 10:37
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/3176

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