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Computerised working memory based cognitive remediation therapy does not affect Reading the Mind in the Eyes test performance or neural activity during a Facial Emotion Recognition test in psychosis

Mothersill, David, Dillon, Rachael, Hargreaves, April, Castorina, Marco, Furey, Emilia, Fagan, Andrew J., Meaney, James F., Fitzmaurice, Brian, Hallahan, Brian, McDonald, Colm, Wykes, Til, Corvin, Aiden, Robertson, Ian H. and Donohoe, Gary (2018) Computerised working memory based cognitive remediation therapy does not affect Reading the Mind in the Eyes test performance or neural activity during a Facial Emotion Recognition test in psychosis. European Journal of Neuroscience. ISSN 1460-9568 (In Press)

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Abstract

Working memory based cognitive remediation therapy (CT) for psychosis has recently been associated with broad improvements in performance on untrained tasks measuring working memory, episodic memory and IQ, and changes in associated brain regions. However, it is unclear if these improvements transfer to the domain of social cognition and neural activity related to performance on social cognitive tasks. We examined performance on the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (Eyes test) in a large sample of participants with psychosis who underwent working memory based CT (N = 43) compared to a Control Group of participants with psychosis (N = 35). In a subset of this sample, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine changes in neural activity during a facial emotion recognition task in participants who underwent CT (N = 15) compared to a Control Group (N = 15). No significant effects of CT were observed on Eyes test performance or on neural activity during facial emotion recognition, either at p<0.05 family‐wise error, or at a p<0.001 uncorrected threshold, within a priori social cognitive regions of interest. This study suggests that working memory based CT does not significantly impact an aspect of social cognition which was measured behaviourally and neurally. It provides further evidence that deficits in the ability to decode mental state from facial expressions are dissociable from working memory deficits, and suggests that future CT programs should target social cognition in addition to working memory for the purposes of further enhancing social function.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Cognitive psychology
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
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Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 12:50
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2018 12:50
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/3062

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