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Parental risk factors for childhood maltreatment typologies: A data linkage study

Murphy, Siobhán, McElroy, Eoin, Elklit, Ask, Shevlin, Mark, Murphy, Jamie, Hyland, Philip and Christoffersen, Mogens Nygaard (2018) Parental risk factors for childhood maltreatment typologies: A data linkage study. European Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. ISSN 2468-7499 (In Press)

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Abstract

Introduction
Child maltreatment (CM) encompasses a range of abusive acts which rarely occur in isolation. Therefore, rather than focusing on specific forms of abuse, a more methodologically sound approach may be to concentrate research on subgroups of CM. Knowledge of the context in which different types of abuse occur is limited, and specific types of maltreatment may occur in the presence of certain parental and familial risk factors.

Objective
This study aimed to examine the common and specific effects of well documented parental risk factors on CM subgroups.

Method
Participants were randomly selected from the total birth cohort of all children born in Denmark in 1984. Data were then linked to information drawn from the Danish health and social registries.

Results
Four distinct subgroups were used; no-abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and co-occurring abuse. All risk factors had significant bivariate associations with the CM subgroups relative to the no-abuse category. Multivariate analysis demonstrated both shared and unique effects, with family dissolution as a strong predictor of all three CM subgroups.

Conclusion
Findings indicated certain parental risk factors increase a child's risk of experiencing all forms of maltreatment, whilst others constitute unique risk for specific CM subgroups.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Related URLs:
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 12:21
Last Modified: 04 May 2018 11:01
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/3001

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