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DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD: A Study of Internally Displaced Person's in Ukraine

Hyland, Philip, Shevlin, Mark, Makhashvili, Nino, Javakhishvili, Jana, Shpiker, Marina and Roberts, Bayard (2017) DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD: A Study of Internally Displaced Person's in Ukraine. In: ISTSS 33rd Annual Meeting Trauma and Complexity: From Self to Cells., 9th-11th November 2017, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, USA. (Submitted)

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Abstract

There are over 40 million internally displaced person's (IDPs) in the world, and 1.8 million IDPs in Ukraine. In this study, ICD-11 and DSM-5 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates were compared using a large, representative sample of Ukrainian adult IDPs. This study had four aims: (1) to compare the prevalence rates of ICD-11 and DSM-5 PTSD, (2) to determine gender differences in PTSD prevalence for DSM-5 and ICD-11, (3) to compare levels of disability across the two diagnostic systems, and (4) to determine the degree of comorbidity associated with ICD-11 and DSM-5 PTSD. A representative sample of adult Ukrainian IDPs (IDPs: N = 2,203) were assess using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the International Trauma Questionnaire for ICD-11. Anxiety and depression were measured using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire-Depression. Disability was measured using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Significantly more people were diagnosed with PTSD according to the DSM-5 (27.4%) as compared to the ICD-11 (21.0%). PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using both criteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability and comorbidity. The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited to identifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Stress (Psychology) > Post-traumatic stress disorder
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Stress (Psychology)
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Related URLs:
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2017 15:03
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2017 12:41
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/2597

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