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Socialism in one island: A study of the struggle for survival of Socialist Cuba.

Dundon, Jane (2004) Socialism in one island: A study of the struggle for survival of Socialist Cuba. Undergraduate thesis, Dublin, National College of Ireland.

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Abstract

One of the most intriguing mysteries of the contemporary global scene is the forty-five year long survival of Cuba as a "Socialist" country against all the odds and in the face of extraordinary opposition and hostility. How did they do it?

In other words, the question I have asked in my dissertation is "how has Cuba evolved and survived since the revolution in 1959?" In order to answer this question adequately, it was necessary to analyse the historical background and the political, economic, social and diplomatic aspects of the country. Thus I have examined Cuba's colonial history, the nature of its relations with both the US and the U.S.S.R during the period 1959-89, the effects that the collapse of Eastern European Communism had on Cuba and how it dealt with the loss of the Soviet bloc as a major economic and political ally; another key factor was (and still is!) the forty-four year long US embargo on trade with Cuba, which has caused extreme difficulties for the country at every turn.

From a close study of available evidence, the thesis derives a set of explanatory factors or elements all of which have contributed to Cuba's survival: Cuba's colonial history, Cuba's close relationship with the Soviet Union, Cuba's quick and efficient response to the loss of the Soviets as a trading partner and an important political ally, the unity of the Cuban people, and finally the skilled leadership of Castro, the man who is responsible for the continued existence of Cuba as a Socialist country.
After weighing up the relative importance of each of these elements, I was able to conclude that, although each of them was indispensable to Cuba's struggle to survive, there is nevertheless a hierarchy of importance amongst them, and my dissertation concludes by developing an argument to the effect that two in particular of these causal factors have had an overwhelming effect - one negatively, one positively - on the strength of the Cuban regime: namely, Cuba's relations with the US and the Soviet Union respectively.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: J Political Science > JL Political institutions (America except United States) > South America > Cuba
J Political Science > JC Political theory. The state. Theories of the state. > Socialism
Divisions: School of Business > BA (Honours) in European Business and Languages
Depositing User: SINEAD CORCORAN
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2010 12:23
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 08:20
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/255

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