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The temporal relations of PTSD symptoms among treatment-seeking victims of sexual assault: A longitudinal study

Hyland, Philip, Shevlin, Mark, Hansen, Maj, Vallières, Frédérique, Murphy, Jamie and Elklit, Ask (2016) The temporal relations of PTSD symptoms among treatment-seeking victims of sexual assault: A longitudinal study. Journal of Loss & Trauma: International Perspectives on Stress and Coping, 21 (6). pp. 492-506. ISSN 1532-5032

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Abstract

This prospective study assessed the temporal relationships between the symptom clusters of PTSD in two nonprobability samples of treatment-seeking victims of sexual abuse: rape victims and adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Both groups were assessed at three time periods using self-report measures of PTSD symptomology. Findings from two cross-lagged panel analyses indicated weak temporal relationships between the symptom clusters of PTSD; however, avoidance and emotional numbing symptoms were found to exert the strongest cross-lagged effects. Avoidance and emotional numbing symptoms were also found to be the strongest predictor of subsequently meeting caseness for PTSD in both samples. Results suggest that there are minimal cross-lagged effects between the PTSD symptom clusters after three months from traumatic exposure.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Stress (Psychology) > Post-traumatic stress disorder
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Related URLs:
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2015 09:43
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 16:15
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/1999

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