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Psychopathy, gang membership, and moral disengagement among juvenile offenders : A propensity score matching approach

Dhingra, Katie, Debowska, Agata, Sharratt, Kathryn, Hyland, Philip and Kola-Palmer, Susanna (2015) Psychopathy, gang membership, and moral disengagement among juvenile offenders : A propensity score matching approach. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 5 (1). pp. 13-24. ISSN 2009-3829

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Abstract

Purpose
– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of psychopathy factors and gang membership on moral disengagement while controlling for age, ethnicity, having run away from home, family member and/or friend arrests, substance misuse, parental physical fights, violence exposure (victimization and witnessing), and maternal warmth and hostility.

Design/methodology/approach
– The research is based on data collected from serious juvenile offenders (n=769) as part of the Pathways to Desistance Study.

Findings
– Six independent variables made a unique statistically significant contribution to the model: gang membership, age, gender, violence exposure, and psychopathy Factors 1 and 2. Psychopathy Factor 1 was the strongest predictor of moral disengagement.

Originality/value
– Results indicate that youth with heightened psychopathic traits make greater use of strategies to rationalize and justify their harmful behaviour against others. Implications in relation to theory and previous studies are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Related URLs:
Depositing User: CAOIMHE NI MHAICIN
Date Deposited: 30 May 2014 11:24
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 11:45
URI: http://trap.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/1420

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